1819~1895. An American sculptor, poet and journalist. His major works of sculpture are Medea (1865）and Cleopatra (1858）, the latter of which Nathaniel Hawthorne highly valued in his novel.
Roba di Roma was published in London in 1862 and was successful. It consists of poems and studies on art and Robert Browning and others read it. Comparing it with Hawthorne’s The Marble Faun, Peter Gunn writes: "The Marble Faun and Roba di Roma were there to exemplify the possibility of a literary treatment of all that fascination which Rome and Italy already held for her(Lee); and the presence in Rome of those cultivated, sympathetic Americans gave her, as it were, a social and aesthetic entrée into that romantic picturesque and imaginative world."