1804~1864. An American novelist. He is known for such works as The Scarlet Letter (novel,1850) and 'Rappaccini's Daughter' (short story, 1844).
Vernon Lee loved something old, so American was not so attractive for her. In literature, she was not interested in American writers except Hawthorne and Washington Irving.
In 'Beauty and Sanity' in Laurus Nobilis, Vernon Lee mentions Hawthorne’s ‘Rappaccini’s Daughter.’ (We are like the poison-monger's daughter in Nathaniel Hawthorne's story.）
Hawthorne’s novel The Marble Faun (1860） is a kind of gothic novel set in Italy, and is one of the favorite novels for Lee. Peter Gunn writes: "The Marble Faun, which the young Violet Paget was 'perpetually' reading, is a remarkable book, with a strange haunting ambiguity about it." "Whatever she (Vernon Lee) may have derived ultimately from her reading of The Marble Faun, it was a book sufficiently near her in time and place to leave deep traces on her most impressionable mind." Gunn asserts that this novel helped Lee form an image of Rome. Love for white marbles and hate for colored statues shown in this novel are common in Lee’s works.
The subject of 'The Artist of the Beautiful' in Mosses from an Old Manse (1846) is the dilemma artists face, which can be seen Lee’s works.